1. Co-Enrollment. In California it’s been around for about 20 years maybe? When CA decided to stop letting kids who had enough credits graduate early, we did an offshoot into the community colleges.
2. Back up a step, please. Coming from an Asian “the only three universities worth attending are Stanford, Harvard or Yale, or possibly MIT if you are going to major in Physics or Math” family, it took a long time for me to realize that some kids are more gifted in working with their hands than strict academia. My brother for example, can naturally fix or repair anything that is broken. He would have been far better off going a Vo-Tech route if that had been allowed in our family, that being “guided” into a traditional scholar route.
3. Income (or lack of it) limits opportunities, that’s just a fact. But what is far MORE influencing, is the value of active parenting in the home, particularly parents who put a high value on education. When I lived in Hong Kong, my (then) only went to school at age 2–that’s when school starts in Asia. She spoke no Chinese, I was functionally illiterate (in Chinese) but we both worked to make it a success.
I have worked with plenty of non-english speaking parents (english ones too) who do not see the value in education, whose comfort zone is focused on the here and now. While I sympathized with their situation, you have to be willing to make the sacrifices today to have a better tomorrow.